Banarsi and Kanjivaram are pure silk fabrics made from cocoons. They are soft fabrics. Banarsi fabrics are made in Varanasi near Kolkata and Kanjivaram fabrics are made in Kanchipuram near Chennai. Tussar silk is a rough silk and is manufactured in Bihar.
Chanderi silk is a sheer variety of fabric manufactured in Chanderi, a town in Madhya Pradesh. Bandhej & Bandhni are tie & dye fabrics form Rajasthan. Patola is a form of Ikaat (tie& dye) made in Gujarat. Paithani saris are woven in Maharashtra. Jamdani saris are woven in West Bengal. Chikan work is thread embroidery done in Uttar Pradesh.
As is evident from the above, India is rich in Textiles. Each State in India manufactures textiles that are very distinct.
Textiles are fascinating. The touch & feel, the usability, the colours and designs of textiles are amazing and exciting.
They are used in clothing, in upholstery, curtains, towels, table and bed coverings and so on.
They are used in crafts such as sewing, embroidery and quilting.
Cotton, flax & jute are made from plants while silk & wool are made from silkworm and goats respectively. The synthetic fibers are nylon, acrylic & polyester.
Warp & Weft
Horizontal threads or yarn are interlaced with vertical threads. It is called the warp & the weft. This technique produces the fabric of the desired quality.