Pongal, Makar Sankranti & Lohri 2020: It’s Time To Celebrate Winter Harvest Festivals In India


The much awaited series of auspicious festivals has kicked off in the country starting with Lohri today. The joyous occasion is all set to be enriched with the lively celebration of Pongal festival as well as Makar Sankranti.

Pongal, the well-known harvest festival in South India, coincides with Makar Sankranti in North India. Lohri, essentially a Punjabi festival, is celebrated on January 13 each year with joy and enthusiasm. Makar Sankranti will begin a day after Lohri this year. Read on to know more about the festivals…

Pongalo Pongal – “Let the food be bountiful and let our lives overflow with joy and happiness.”

Villages and rural towns in Tamil Nadu are festooned with colourful flowers, garlands and buntings. There is an air of celebration and bonhomie everywhere. It is the Pongal festival. There is folk music playing from the loudspeakers, flashy and ostentatious decorations all over the town and groups of boisterous  youngsters  roaming around & enjoying the fun. Village fairs are organised. Farmers are dressing up their cows and getting ready for the festival.

It is certainly the time of the year when villagers celebrate and enjoy communal harmony. The landowners and the peasants come together in the village to celebrate this festival. Further, families come together during this time of the year to celebrate the Thanksgiving Pongal festival.

When is Thai Pongal Celebrated?

We invite you to join the harvest festival that is celebrated throughout  Tamil Nadu. It is popularly known as the Pongal or Thai Pongal. It is one of the most important festivals in Tamil Nadu. Thai refers to the Tamil month, Thai masam (mid January to mid February) when Pongal is celebrated. It is hence referred as Thai Pongal. This year, it will be celebrated from 15th to 18th January 2020 in Tamil Nadu.

Pongal 2020

Harvest celebrations-Pongal festival

Agriculture is dependant on the vagaries of nature. Pongal is celebrated as a thanksgiving to the sun god and the rain god for their bountiful blessings. Cows and bulls are also worshipped as a part of the Pongal celebrations. These animals are central to farming.

It is the harvest season when rice, sugarcane & turmeric is harvested. This festival is celebrated in rural areas more than in the urban areas. The reason is evident, as the rural areas are where agriculture is mainstream.

The First Day of Pongal festival- Bhogi Celebrations


This first day is celebrated as Bhogi festival in honor of Lord Indra, the rain god. Homes are cleaned and all the rubbish is thrown to burn. A bonfire is prepared and the unwanted items form the field and the homes are thrown into it. This symbolizes the new beginning.

A special sweet with flour and jaggery is prepared on Bhogi in all homes. This is called Poli.This is certainly a tasty dish.

The Second Day of Pongal festival-Pongal Puja

Pongal Kolam

The Pongal puja is performed on the 2nd day. The house is cleaned and decorated with fresh rangoli. Rangoli or kolam is done with white rice powder and colours on the ground.

People are attired in new clothes. Sugarcane, coconut and bananas are offered to the god.

Rangoli for Pongal

Rice, lentils and milk are boiled on earthen pots over wood or coal  in a special pot in the courtyard.  A tumeric plant is tied around the pot. The whole family gathers around the  pot and cries “Pongalo Pongal” when the water boils over the pot. This symbolically refers to “ Let the food be bountiful and let our lives overflow with joy and happiness.”

Pongal  is also the name of the dish made of rice and lentils.  Further, a sweet pongal is also made by adding a bit of jaggery & milk to it.

Pongal 2020

Pongal Festival

These 2 varieties of Pongal are made on the 2nd day in all the homes.


The Third Day of Pongal festival- Mattu Pongal

This is the auspicious day when the cows are worshiped. Garlands, colorful bells and silk fabrics are tied on the cattle and they are worshiped with a special puja. Each farmer brings his decorated  cows to the village centre. The cows are paraded on the roads. The cattle race is part of the show.

Jalli Kattu (taming of the bull) is a big sport that is practiced in some areas. There is a money tied to the horn of the bulls and they are let loose by the owners. Young men chase the bull to retrieve the money.

There is no physical harm done to the animal in this sport although there is a persisting controversy about playing this sport as compared to other sports.

Pongal 2020

Fourth day-Kanu Pongal

Kanu Pongal or Kanum Pongal is celebrated on the forth day.

The turmeric leaf is washed and placed on the ground. Left over pongal, sweet pongal, turmeric rice and curd rice are all placed on the leaf, along with sugarcane and banana. All the women gather around and call out to the birds to come and eat the food. They pray for the well being of their brothers and their families. The saying goes that as birds flock together, families should remain close together always.Hence the celebration. Married women visit their parents’ homes and are warmly welcomed and given gifts.

pongal 2020

Girls of the families are given special gifts on this day. It is an occasion when married women visit their maternal homes to meet with their brothers and parents and seek their blessings.

People celebrate the Pongal festival with music and dance performances all around the State. Shops offer special discounts on Pongal purchases. Therefore, make the most of this and enjoy shopping in Chennai.

Finally, visit the T Nagar and the Mylapore Market in Chennai to make Pongal purchases. Shops such as Sarvana Stores, RMKV and Pothys all have a special discount on Pongal purchases.

Lohri & Makar Sankranti 2020  

Lohri marks the beginning of spring, especially in the state of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana. The festival is traditionally linked with the harvest of the rabi crops. On this day, farmers in Punjab celebrate the success of the winter crops. They gather around the big bonfire to enjoy traditional folk songs and dances on the beat of dhols. People toss muchies such as popcorns, peanuts and puffed rice into the bonfire while circling around it. They also celebrate the day after Lohri as the financial New Year.
This year, Makar Sankranti 2020 will be celebrated on January 15. As per the Hindu solar calendar, the festival is celebrated to mark the shift of the sun into ever-lengthening days. It is also marked with kite flying.


Kausalya Madhavan


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